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制度、行動者與行動選擇——L市婦聯改革觀察
作者:毛丹、陳…    文章來源:社會學研究    點擊數:545    更新時間:2017-9-19         ★★★

英文標題: Institution, Actors and Choices of Action: Observation from the Womens Federation Reform in City L

 

摘要: 婦聯在2015年前的改革中出現“鐘擺”現象,有時主要像黨政部門一樣工作,有時又向社會組織趨近。從歷史文獻和田野工作的角度看,這是因為婦聯在制度變遷過程中采取以保持婦聯機構和干部既有地位為中軸的、波動式的有限改革策略,在政策導向強調婦聯政治先進性和擔當橋梁紐帶時,注重承攬黨政部門業務,其結果是與黨政機關的區別變得日益模糊;而在政策導向強調向樞紐型社會組織轉型時,他們則愿意增加社會組織的功用和色彩,但卻抵御完全轉型為社會組織,結果只是趨近后者。所以,過往中的“鐘擺”既是制度安排以及上級改革指令的階段性變化使然,也是婦聯干部群體的行動使然。婦聯今后的改革需要同時從制度與行動者兩個方面尋找方向。

 

英文摘要: The Womens Federation presented itself as a pendulum in the past reform before 2015. It sometimes worked as a party or government organ, and sometimes as social organizations. The reason was that people working at the Federation increasingly adopted the position of cadre-type professional intermediaries. The limited reform preserved the existence of the Federation and the existing position of cadres in the institution. Emphasizing its political advantage and bridging function, the Federation was willing to undertake tasks assigned by the party and government, which reduced the difference between the Federation and the latter. On the other hand, as the policy emphasized on the transition into a social organization, the Federation enhanced its functions as a social organization. It, however, resisted turning into a complete social organization, but only resembling it. Thus the pendulum in the past reform was the result of the coupling effect of both the institution and actors. That is, it was caused not merely by institutional arrangements and periodical change of orders from above, but also by the collective actions of the cadre group in the Federation. Thus, the future reform of the Federation should proceed from both the institution and actions.

 

 

作者: 毛丹、陳佳俊

作者單位: 浙江大學社會學系、地方政府與社會治理研究中心(毛丹);浙江大學公共管理學院(陳佳俊)

關鍵詞: 婦聯改革;鐘擺;行動邏輯

英文關鍵詞:  

項目基金: 本文為國家社科基金重點項目“社會建設中的政府規制研究”(11ASH005)、浙江省哲學社會科學重點研究基地課題“多重制度邏輯下的中國群團組織轉型研究——以浙江省為例”(14JDDF02Z)的研究成果。

 

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